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Dry Tablet Formulation Of PLGA Nanoparticles With A Preocular Applicator For Topical Drug Delivery To The Eye

Woo Mi Ryu, Se-na Kim, C. H. Min, Y. Choy
Published 2019 · Chemistry, Medicine

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To enhance ocular drug bioavailability, a rapidly dissolving dry tablet containing alginate and drug-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles was proposed. For hygienic and easy administration of an accurate drug-dose with this tablet, the use of a preocular applicator was suggested. Herein, a dry tablet was prepared by embedding dexamethasone-loaded PLGA nanoparticles in alginate, which was deposited on the tip of the applicator. The nanoparticles were loaded with 85.45 μg/mg drug and exhibited sustained drug release for 10 h. To evaluate in vivo efficacy, dexamethasone concentration in the aqueous humor was measured after topical administration of the dry tablet, with the applicator, to rabbit eyes and was compared to that achieved with Maxidex®, a commercially-available dexamethasone eye drops. When applied with the preocular applicator, the dry tablet containing alginate could be fully detached and delivered to the eye surface. In fact, it showed up to 2 h of nanoparticle retention on the preocular surface due to tear viscosity enhancement, causing an estimated 2.6-fold increase in ocular drug bioavailability compared to Maxidex®. Therefore, the preocular applicator combined with a dry alginate tablet containing PLGA nanoparticles can be a promising system for aseptically delivering an accurate dose of ophthalmic drug with enhanced bioavailability.
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