Influence Of ZnO Nanoparticle Size And Concentration On The Polysulfone Membrane Performance
The activity of using membrane technology has developed fast in the treatment of wastewater, drinking water and process water production. The main challenges in membrane filtration are fouling reduction, permeability increase and high efficiency in retention. The best example of membrane enhancement is increasing hydrophilicity. Nanoparticles have been proven that their presence in the membrane matrix increases the water affinity significantly. Although the zinc oxide nanoparticles have a positive effect over the membrane performance, the influence of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticle size has not been studied enough. Two sizes of nanoparticle of ZnO and three concentrations were used for the preparation of composite polysulfone ultrafiltration membranes. The effects of the ZnO nanoparticles in the membrane matrix on the permeation properties, flux stability and retention were tested. SEM, EDX, porosity and contact angle measurement were conducted in this article, also. The experimental results indicated that ZnO-PSf composite membranes exhibits significant differences in the membrane properties due to nanoparticle addition and regardless of their size it leads to an increase in hydrophilicity, flux, permeability, retention and porosity. Decreasing the nanoparticle size leads to an increase in membrane performance.