Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Aging And Neurodegeneration
Mitochondria are a dynamic organelle of the cell involved in the various biological processes. Mitochondria are the site of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, electron transport chain (ETC), oxidation of fatty acids, tricarboxylic acid (TCA), and cellular apoptosis. Besides these, mitochondria are the site of production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which further disrupts the normal functioning of this organelle also making mitochondria itself as an important target of oxidative stress. Thus, mitochondria serve as an important target in the process of neurodegeneration. In the present chapter, the authors describe mitochondria and its functioning, dynamics, and the mitochondrial dysfunction in aging and neurodegenerative disorders (NDs).