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Preparation Of Mullite Nanocomposites Powders By The Hydrothermal Crystallization Method From Coal Gangue

Ling Xin Tong, Jin Hong Li, Fang Liu

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Mullite nanocomposites powders have been successfully synthesized from pretreated coal gangue via hydrothermal crystallization process. The mullite nanocomposites powders are investigated and charactered by laser particle size analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis, selected area electron diffraction (SAED) analysis and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. Moreover, the reaction mechanism of this process is speculated according to MAS-NMR results. It is indicated that mullite nanocomposites powders can be prepared at 80-90 °C for 3 h with NaOH concentration of 2-4 mol/L and L/S ratio (liquid/solid ratio in mass) of 10 mL/g by using calcined coal gangue as precursor. The agglomerate powder size of D50 is about 3.83-4.71 mm. Furthermore, some imperfective puncheon-shaped crystals exist among a large number of whole puncheon-shaped crystals which are about 30-70 nm in length and about 10-20 nm in diameter. MAS-NMR analysis indicates that the nano-size mullite grow around the central atom-Al, Si of [AlSi]O4 tetrahedral and the growth unit Al[OH]4- exist in this process definitely.