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Bilateral Endophthalmitis And Symmetrical Peripheral Gangrene In A Patient With Chronic Kidney Disease On Maintenance Hemodialysis

J. Nath, A. Kashem, A. M. Osman, T. Das
Published 2019 · Medicine

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Dialysis patients have greater number of complications due to multiple comor-bidity and access-related infections as well as nosocomial infections due to reduced immunity and more frequent hospitalizations. Endogenous endophthalmitis is a potentially blinding ocular infection occurring in chronically debilitated patients and the use of invasive procedures. Symmetric peripheral gangrene (SPG) is defined as symmetrical distal ischemic damage in two or more sites in the absence of a major vascular occlusive disease. It carries a high mortality rate with a very high frequency of multiple limb amputations in the survivors. However, only a few case reports have described endogenous endophthalmitis in dialysis patients. Concomitant endophthalmitis and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), presenting as SPG, is extremely rare and no such case was found in the literature survey. Herein, we report a very rare association of bilateral endophthalmitis with DIC and SPG in a patient with chronic kidney disease on maintenance hemodialysis.
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