Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Experimental Drought Induces Short-term Changes In Soil Functionality And Microbial Community Structure After Fire In A Mediterranean Shrubland

M. Hinojosa, A. Parra, V. A. Laudicina, J. M. Moreno
Published 2014 · Environmental Science

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Fire is a major ecosystem driver, causing significant changes in soil nutrients and microbial community structure and functionality. Post-fire soil dynamics can vary depending on rainfall patterns, although variations in response to drought are poorly known. This is particularly important in areas with poor soils and limited rainfall, like arid and 5 semiarid ones. Furthermore, climate change projections in many such areas anticipate reduced precipitation and longer drought, together with an increase in fire severity. The e ects of experimental drought and fire were studied on soils in a Mediterranean Cistus-Erica shrubland in Central Spain. A replicated (n = 4) field experiment was carried out in which four levels of rainfall pattern were implemented by means 10 of a rain-out shelters and irrigation system. The treatments were: environmental control (natural rainfall), historical control (long-term average rainfall, 2 months drought), moderate drought (25% reduction of historical control, 5 months drought) and severe drought (45% reduction, 7 months drought). After one growing season, the plots were burned with high fire intensity, except a set of unburned plots that served as control. 15 Soils were collected seasonally during one year and variables related to soil nutrient availability and microbial community structure and functionality were studied. Burned soils increased nutrient availability (P, N, K) with respect to unburned ones, but drought reduced such an increase in P, while it further increased N and K. Such changes in available soil nutrients were short-lived. Drought caused a further decrease of enzyme 20 activities, carbon mineralization rate and microbial biomass. Fire decreased the relative abundance of fungi and actinomycetes. However, fire and drought caused a further reduction in fungi, with bacteria becoming relatively more abundant. Arguably, increasing drought and fires due to climate change will likely shift soil recovery after fire.
This paper references
Long-term Climate Change: Projections, Commitments and Irreversibility
M. Collins (2013)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2003.08.019
Estimation of conversion factors for fungal biomass determination in compost using ergosterol and PLFA 18 : 2 omega 6,9
M. Klamer (2004)
10.1017/S0954102012000855
Microbial responses to carbon and nitrogen supplementation in an Antarctic dry valley soil
P. Dennis (2012)
10.1126/science.1236338
Fungal Carbon Sequestration
K. Treseder (2013)
10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00032-8
Fire effects on belowground sustainability: a review and synthesis
D. Neary (1999)
Response of microbial community composition
M. P. Waldrop (2007)
10.1007/BF00384433
The use of phospholipid fatty acid analysis to estimate bacterial and fungal biomass in soil
A. Frostegård (2004)
10.1016/J.EJSOBI.2012.06.001
Effects of climate change on soil respiration and carbon processing in Mediterranean and semi-arid regions: An experimental approach
C. Sherman (2012)
10.1111/J.1365-2486.2008.01601.X
Effects of throughfall manipulation on soil nutrient status: results of 12 years of sustained wet and dry treatments
D. Johnson (2008)
Mediterranean using ENSEMBLES regional climate change scenarios, Clim
C. Beier (2014)
Warming and earlier spring increase western US forest wildfire
A. L. Westerling (2006)
10.2134/agronmonogr9.2.2ed
Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties.
A. Page (1982)
10.1016/J.EARSCIREV.2014.09.001
Effects of wildfire on soil nutrients in Mediterranean ecosystems
Lucrezia Caon (2014)
10.1023/A:1006255431298
Controls on soil respiration: Implications for climate change
L. Rustad (2000)
10.1111/J.1365-2486.2010.02338.X
Soil‐nutrient availability under a global‐change scenario in a Mediterranean mountain ecosystem
L. Matias (2011)
10.2134/JEQ2002.2040
The effects of throughfall manipulation on soil leaching in a deciduous forest.
D. Johnson (2002)
10.1029/2008JG000874
Water limitation to soil CO2 efflux in a pine forest at the semiarid “timberline”
J. Grünzweig (2009)
Response of microbial community composition and func- 15 tion to soil climate change, Microbial Ecol
M P Waldrop (2006)
10.1016/0038-0717(88)90079-X
Enzyme activities in soils: Effects of leaching, ignition, autoclaving and fumigation
S. Tiwari (1988)
10.1111/J.1574-6941.1993.TB00055.X
Soil microbial populations after wildfire
Francisco J. Gordillo Vázquez (1993)
10.1111/ele.12095
Means and extremes: building variability into community-level climate change experiments.
R. Thompson (2013)
10.1126/science.1163886
Fire in the Earth System
D. Bowman (2009)
10.1007/s10584-013-1005-z
Forest fire danger projections in the Mediterranean using ENSEMBLES regional climate change scenarios
J. Bedia (2013)
10.1016/J.GLOPLACHA.2007.09.005
Climate change projections for the Mediterranean region
F. Giorgi (2008)
Exchangeable cations, in: Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, edited
W. T. Grant (1982)
10.1111/J.1365-2486.2008.01629.X
Modeled interactive effects of precipitation, temperature, and [CO2] on ecosystem carbon and water dynamics in different climatic zones
Y. Luo (2008)
10.1016/S0038-0717(02)00033-0
Fungal-to-Bacterial Ratios in Soils Investigated for Enhanced C Sequestration
V. Bailey (2002)
nutrient uptake and assimilation in vegetable crops, in: Plant Responses to Drought Stress: From Morphological to Molecular Features, edited
L. E. Rustad (2012)
10.2136/SSSASPECPUB9.C1
Theory and Measurement of Water Potential
R. I. Papendick (1981)
10.1007/s00248-008-9475-7
Soil Microbial Community Response to Drought and Precipitation Variability in the Chihuahuan Desert
J. Clark (2008)
10.1111/J.1365-2486.2008.01681.X
Reappraisal of drying and wetting effects on C and N mineralization and fluxes in soils.
W. Borken (2009)
10.1038/NCLIMATE1392
Soil science: Fungal friends against drought
J. Six (2012)
10.2136/SSSASPECPUB49.C15
Soil Enzyme Activities and Biodiversity Measurements as Integrative Microbiological Indicators
R. Dick (1996)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2014.12.013
Fire increases the risk of higher soil N2O emissions from Mediterranean Macchia ecosystems
K. Karhu (2015)
10.1017/CBO9781107415324.028
Climate phenomena and their relevance for future regional climate change
J. H. Christensen (2013)
10.2307/20168234
PC-ORD: Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data
Aaron M.Ellison (2012)
10.1007/s002489900082
Impacts of Carbon and Flooding on Soil Microbial Communities: Phospholipid Fatty Acid Profiles and Substrate Utilization Patterns
D. Bossio (1998)
10.1007/BF00336122
Potential variation of nitrogen transformations in pinyon-juniper ecosystems resulting from burning
J. Klopatek (2004)
Mediterranean mountain ecosystem, Glob
E. Cleland (2011)
Fire Effects on Ecosystems
L F Debano (1998)
10.1016/B978-0-12-424255-5.50008-0
3 – The Effect of Fire on Soil Organisms
I. F. Ahlgren (1974)
10.1007/978-3-662-03649-5_2
World Reference Base for Soil Resources
J. Deckers (1998)
10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01793.x
Precipitation manipulation experiments--challenges and recommendations for the future.
C. Beier (2012)
10.2136/sssabookser5.3
Methods of soil analysis. Part 3 - chemical methods.
D. Sparks (1996)
STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 7. available at: www. statsoft.com
Inc Statsoft (2004)
10.1111/J.1365-2486.2011.02628.X
Precipitation variability and fire influence the temporal dynamics of soil CO2 efflux in an arid grassland
R. Vargas (2012)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2008.03.022
Enzymatic activities and microbial communities in an Antarctic dry valley soil: Responses to C and N supplementation
D. Hopkins (2008)
10.1007/s00248-011-9995-4
Burning Fire-Prone Mediterranean Shrublands: Immediate Changes in Soil Microbial Community Structure and Ecosystem Functions
M. Goberna (2011)
10.1016/S0341-8162(99)00051-X
Nutrient losses in eroded sediment after fire in eucalyptus and pine forests in the wet Mediterranean environment of northern Portugal
A. Thomas (1999)
Soil microbial com- 15 munity response to drought and precipitation variability in the Chihuahuan Desert, Microbial Ecol
J S Clark (2009)
10.1016/J.GEODERMA.2012.01.015
Effects of drought on soil phosphorus availability and fluxes in a burned Mediterranean shrubland
M. Hinojosa (2012)
PERMANOVA: A FORTRAN Computer Program for Permutational Multivariate Analysis of Variance
M. J. Anderson (2005)
10.1007/s10021-012-9594-3
Changes in Soil Fungal Communities, Extracellular Enzyme Activities, and Litter Decomposition Across a Fire Chronosequence in Alaskan Boreal Forests
S. Holden (2012)
10.1111/J.1365-2486.2010.02302.X
Responses of terrestrial ecosystems to temperature and precipitation change: a meta-analysis of experimental manipulation.
Zhuoting Wu (2011)
10.1016/0038-0717(94)00140-V
MICROBIAL COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AND pH RESPONSE IN RELATION TO SOIL ORGANIC MATTER QUALITY IN WOOD-ASH FERTILIZED, CLEAR-CUT OR BURNED CONIFEROUS FOREST SOILS
E. Bååth (1995)
Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data, Version 4 Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper | Discussion Paper Fire effects on belowground sustainability: a review and synthesis
B Mccune (1999)
10.2136/SSSAJ2009.0225
Soil Enzyme Activity in a Mediterranean Forest after Six Years of Drought
J. Sardans (2010)
10.1007/s00442-004-1788-8
Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review
G. Certini (2004)
10.2136/SSSAJ2000.6451659X
Comparison of Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) Methods for Characterizing Microbial Communities
Mary E. Schutter (2000)
10.1071/WF08133
Prediction of the probability of large fires in the Sydney region of south-eastern Australia using fire weather
R. Bradstock (2009)
10.1007/978-3-642-32653-0_7
Effects of Drought on Nutrient Uptake and Assimilation in Vegetable Crops
Y. Rouphael (2012)
10.1007/s11104-009-0041-y
Impact of drought and increasing temperatures on soil CO2 emissions in a Mediterranean shrubland (gariga)
G. Dato (2009)
Soil enzymes, in: Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2: Microbial and Biochemical Properties
M A Tabatabai
10.1126/SCIENCE.1128834
Warming and Earlier Spring Increase Western U.S. Forest Wildfire Activity
A. L. Westerling (2006)
10.1111/J.1365-2389.2007.00956.X
Physical resilience of soil to field compaction and the interactions with plant growth and microbial community structure
A. S. Gregory (2007)
10.1016/J.EARSCIREV.2005.10.006
Wildfire as a hydrological and geomorphological agent
R. A. Shakesby (2006)
10.1111/J.1442-9993.2001.01070.PP.X
A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance in ecology
M. Anderson (2001)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2009.09.010
Bacterial and fungal growth in soil heated at different temperatures to simulate a range of fire intensities
Gema Bárcenas-Moreno (2009)
10.2307/2405027
Methods in Applied Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry
K. Alef (1995)
Climate change projections for the Mediterranean region, Global Planet
F Giorgi (2008)
10.2136/SSSASPECPUB35.C7
Soil Enzyme Activities as Indicators of Soil Quality
R. Dick (2015)
Soil sampling, preparation, and analysis
K. H. Tan (1995)
10.2134/AGRONMONOGR9.2.2ED.C33
Nitrogen—Inorganic Forms
D. Keeney (2015)
10.1111/J.1365-2486.2010.02285.X
Impact of rainfall manipulations and biotic controls on soil respiration in Mediterranean and desert ecosystems along an aridity gradient
Yiftach Talmon (2011)
10.2134/JEQ2009.0082
Wildfire and charcoal enhance nitrification and ammonium-oxidizing bacterial abundance in dry montane forest soils.
P. Ball (2010)
10.2136/SSSABOOKSER5.3.C34
Total carbon organic carbon and organic matter
D. Nelson (1983)
10.1007/s11104-006-9131-2
Warming and drought alter soil phosphatase activity and soil P availability in a Mediterranean shrubland
J. Sardans (2006)
and could be related to the ability of actinomycetes
Moreno (2011)
Regional Climate Projections.
G. Lohmann (2010)
Plant responses to drought stress : from morphological to molecular features
R. Aroca (2012)
10.1111/gcb.12306
Changes in biocrust cover drive carbon cycle responses to climate change in drylands.
F. Maestre (2013)
25 coniferous forest soils
L V. (1995)
10.1016/B978-0-08-047514-1.50006-8
THE SOIL HABITAT
R. Voroney (2007)
Nutrient losses in eroded sediment after fire Fungal carbon sequestration
A D Thomas (2013)
10.1016/0038-0717(85)90105-1
Soil moisture affects survival of microorganisms in heated chaparral soil
P. Dunn (1985)
10.1007/s11104-010-0459-2
Distribution of soil carbon and microbial biomass in arable soils under different tillage regimes
B. Sun (2010)
10.1016/0038-0717(93)90218-Z
Changes in soil phosphorus and acid phosphatase activity immediately following forest fires
A. Saa (1993)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2004.12.012
Seasonal variations in enzyme activity and organic carbon in soil of a burned and unburned hardwood forest
R. J. Boerner (2005)
25 diversity of microbial community in Mediterranean maquis soils as affected by fires
G. D. de Dato (2005)
Phosphorus, in: Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, edited
S. R. Olsen (1982)
10.1016/J.APSOIL.2003.08.005
The microbial community in the rhizosphere determined by community-level physiological profiles (CLPP) and direct soil- and cfu-PLFA techniques
Katarina H. Söderberg (2004)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2007.04.019
Interannual and interseasonal soil CO2 efflux and VOC exchange rates in a Mediterranean holm oak forest in response to experimental drought
D. Asensio (2007)
Theory and measurement of water potential, in: Water Potential Relations in Soil Microbiology, edited
R. I. Papendick (1981)
10.1007/s003740050533
Fatty acid patterns of phospholipids and lipopolysaccharides in the characterisation of microbial communities in soil: a review
L. Zelles (1999)
10.5194/NHESS-14-21-2014
Precipitation dominates fire occurrence in Greece (1900–2010): its dual role in fuel build-up and dryness
F. Xystrakis (2013)
10.1097/00010694-197004000-00002
COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF PHOSPHORUS IN SOIL AND PLANT MATERIALS WITH ASCORBIC ACID
M. K. John (1970)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2010.06.012
Response of soil microbial communities and the production of plant-available nitrogen to a two-year rainfall manipulation in the New Jersey Pinelands.
William J. Landesman (2010)
10.1007/s00248-006-9103-3
Response of Microbial Community Composition and Function to Soil Climate Change
M. Waldrop (2006)
10.1201/9780203904039-1
Enzyme Activities and Microbiological and Biochemical Processes in Soil
P. Nannipieri (2002)
10.1016/J.APSOIL.2007.12.011
Changes in soil enzymes related to C and N cycle and in soil C and N content under prolonged warming and drought in a Mediterranean shrubland
J. Sardans (2008)
10.2134/JEQ2004.0470
Microbial response to heavy metal-polluted soils: community analysis from phospholipid-linked fatty acids and ester-linked fatty acids extracts.
M. Hinojosa (2005)
10.1016/J.ENVINT.2004.02.003
The effect of fire on soil organic matter--a review.
J. González-Pérez (2004)
The microbial community in the rhizosphere determined by community-level physiological profiles ( CLPP ) and direct soil – and cfu – PLFA techniques
K. H. Söderberga (2004)
10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02696.x
Soil respiration under climate change: prolonged summer drought offsets soil warming effects
A. Schindlbacher (2012)
10.1016/S0038-0717(01)00225-5
Effect of plant cover decline on chemical and microbiological parameters under Mediterranean climate
C. García (2002)
The effect of fire on soil organisms, in: Fire and Ecosystems
I F Ahlgren (1974)
Theory and measurement of water potential, in: Water Potential Relations in Soil Microbiology
R I Papendick (1981)
Impact of rainfall manipulations and biotic controls on soil respiration in Mediterranean and desert ecosystems along an aridity gradient
R. Smith (2010)
10.1016/J.JHYDROL.2008.07.041
Phosphorus and nitrogen exports from SE Australian forests following wildfire
P. Lane (2008)
The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental
T. F. Stocker (2013)
Effects of climate change on soil respiration and carbon processing in Mediterranean and semi-arid regions: an experimental approach, Eur
C. Sherman (2012)
sequestration in agroecosystems
H K. (2006)
10.1071/WF05032
Functional diversity of the microbial community in Mediterranean maquis soils as affected by fires
R. D’Ascoli (2005)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2012.11.009
Soil enzymes in a changing environment: Current knowledge and future directions
R. Burns (2013)
10.1007/s00484-011-0517-3
Modifying rainfall patterns in a Mediterranean shrubland: system design, plant responses, and experimental burning
A. Parra (2012)
10.1016/J.JARIDENV.2012.01.007
Ecological effects of experimental drought and prescribed fire in a southern California coastal grassland
D. L. Potts (2012)
10.1016/S0929-1393(98)00143-7
Understanding and prediction of soil microbial community dynamics under global change
N. Panikov (1999)
10.1016/J.SOILBIO.2011.01.019
Fungal and bacterial recolonisation of acid and alkaline forest soils following artificial heat treatments
Gema Bárcenas-Moreno (2011)
10.1007/s10021-014-9800-6
The Influence of Altered Rainfall Regimes on Early Season N Partitioning Among Early Phenology Annual Plants, a Late Phenology Shrub, and Microbes in a Semi-arid Ecosystem
M. Mauritz (2014)
10.1890/06-0219
Microbial stress-response physiology and its implications for ecosystem function.
J. Schimel (2007)
10.1890/11-0026.1
Responses of soil microbial communities to water stress: results from a meta-analysis.
S. Manzoni (2012)
10.1128/aem.02874-09
Soil Microbial Community Responses to Multiple Experimental Climate Change Drivers
Hector F. Castro (2009)
Modeled interactive effects of precipitation , temperature , and [ CO 2 ] on ecosystem carbon and water dynamics in different climatic zones
P H I L I P P E C I A I S Z, W O L F G A N G C R A M (2008)
10.2136/SSSAJ2004.0347
Bacterial and Fungal Contributions to Carbon Sequestration in Agroecosystems
J. Six (2006)
coniferous forest soils
L V. (1995)
The soil habitat, in: Soil Microbiology
R P Voroney (2007)
Fatty acid patterns of phospholipids and lipopolysaccharides in the characterisation Fungi Bacteria Gram+ Gram− Actinomycetes G+/G− Fungi/bacteria Spring
L Zelles (2010)



This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar