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Mother's Internal Working Models And Perinatal Attachment

Noriko Ohmura, Y. Yamatogi, Manami Matsubara
Published 2001 · Psychology

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The aim of this study was to investigate the features of perinatal attachment according to each type of internal working models, for determine whether a relation exists between the mother's internal working models (IWMs) and perinatal attachment by using the Muller's attachment model. A prospective study was performed with data collected during the third trimester of pregnancy and 1 month after delivery, and the following results were obtained. 1) There was a modest correlation between prenatal and postnatal attachment. 2) Mother's internal working models are classified into 3 types : Secure, Ambivalent and Avoidant. The prenatal attachment score of the secure type mother was significantly higher. 3) In the secure type mother, there was a strong Correlation between prenatal and postnatal attachment. In ambivalent and avoidant type mothers, the correlation between prenatal and postnatal attachment was week. The results demonstrated a relation between the mother's internal working models and perinatal attachment in Muller's model. IWMs is one of the key concepts in assessing the subject of intergenerational transmission of attachment, IWMs must be considered not only postnatally but in the prenatal period as well.
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