Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Biomass Compositional Analysis For Conversion To Renewable Fuels And Chemicals

C. Williams, R. Emerson, J. Tumuluru
Published 2017 · Environmental Science

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
As the world continues to deplete its nonrenewable resources, there has begun a shift toward using renewable materials for the production of fuels and chemicals. Terrestrial biomass, as well as municipal solid wastes, provides renewable feedstocks for fuel and chemical production. However, one of the major challenges to using biomass as a feedstock for fuel and chemical production is the great amount of innate variability between different biomass types and within individual biomass species. This inconsistency arises from varied growth and harvesting conditions and presents challenges for conversion processes, which frequently require physically and chemically uniform materials. This chapter will examine intrinsic biomass compositional characteristics including cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, extractives/volatiles, and ash for a wide array of biomass types. Additionally, extrinsic properties, such as moisture content and particle grind size, will be examined for their effect on biomass conversion to fuels using four major conversion processes: direct combustion, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction, and fermentation. A brief discussion on recent research for the production of building block chemicals from biomass will also be presented.
This paper references
10.1126/SCIENCE.1114736
The Path Forward for Biofuels and Biomaterials
A. Ragauskas (2006)
10.1002/cssc.200800018
Green gasoline by catalytic fast pyrolysis of solid biomass derived compounds.
T. Carlson (2008)
10.1021/EF034067U
Overview of Applications of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Oil
and S. Czernik (2004)
10.1038/nature11475
Opportunities and challenges for a sustainable energy future
S. Chu (2012)
10.1021/ACS.ENERGYFUELS.5B00304
Field-to-Fuel Performance Testing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks: An Integrated Study of the Fast Pyrolysis–Hydrotreating Pathway
Daniel T. Howe (2015)
10.1002/btpr.669
Particle morphology characterization and manipulation in biomass slurries and the effect on rheological properties and enzymatic conversion
Clare J Dibble (2011)
10.1016/S0165-2370(99)00005-4
Principles and practice of biomass fast pyrolysis processes for liquids
A. Bridgwater (1999)
10.1021/ac202668c
Algal biomass constituent analysis: method uncertainties and investigation of the underlying measuring chemistries.
L. Laurens (2012)
10.1038/nature05923
Production of dimethylfuran for liquid fuels from biomass-derived carbohydrates
Yuriy Román-Leshkov (2007)
10.1016/j.biortech.2009.03.082
Effect of anatomical fractionation on the enzymatic hydrolysis of acid and alkaline pretreated corn stover.
K. Duguid (2009)
10.1002/CHIN.201412271
Biomass Feedstocks for Renewable Fuel Production: A Review of the Impacts of Feedstock and Pretreatment on the Yield and Product Distribution of Fast Pyrolysis Bio‐Oils and Vapors
Daniel Carpenter (2014)
10.1073/pnas.1002358107
Tin-containing zeolites are highly active catalysts for the isomerization of glucose in water
Manuel Moliner (2010)
10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00073-9
Biomass yield and quality of 20 switchgrass populations in southern Iowa, USA.
R. Lemus (2002)
10.1021/ACSCATAL.5B02329
Inhibition of Xylene Isomerization in the Production of Renewable Aromatic Chemicals from Biomass-Derived Furans
C. Luke Williams (2016)
10.1021/CS300011A
Cycloaddition of Biomass-Derived Furans for Catalytic Production of Renewable p-Xylene
C. L. Williams (2012)
10.2172/885984
Biomass as Feedstock for A Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply
R. D. Perlack (2005)
10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00212-7
Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials for ethanol production: a review.
Y. Sun (2002)
10.1016/J.RSER.2009.10.009
Biofuels from microalgae—A review of technologies for production, processing, and extractions of biofuels and co-products
Liam Brennan (2010)
10.1016/S0960-8524(99)00160-1
Fermentation of lignocellulosic hydrolysates. I: inhibition and detoxification
E. Palmqvist (2000)
10.1016/J.FUEL.2011.09.030
An overview of the organic and inorganic phase composition of biomass
S. Vassilev (2012)
10.1007/s12155-014-9540-7
Quality and Variability of Commercial-Scale Short Rotation Willow Biomass Harvested Using a Single-Pass Cut-and-Chip Forage Harvester
M. Eisenbies (2014)
10.1016/S0016-2361(01)00172-7
Fertiliser influence on alkali release during straw pyrolysis
K. Davidsson (2002)
10.1016/J.ENERGY.2011.03.013
Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass: A review of subcritical water technologies
S. Toor (2011)
10.1002/BBB.324
A review of biomass densification systems to develop uniform feedstock commodities for bioenergy application.
J. Tumuluru (2011)
10.1016/J.ALGAL.2013.04.006
Pilot plant testing of continuous hydrothermal liquefaction of microalgae
C. Jazrawi (2013)
10.1007/s00253-004-1819-8
Biotechnological processes for conversion of corn into ethanol
R. Bothast (2004)
10.1021/SC300084Z
Sustainable Green Composites: Value Addition to Agricultural Residues and Perennial Grasses
Vidhya Nagarajan (2013)
10.1039/C3GC40740C
Ultra-selective cycloaddition of dimethylfuran for renewable p-xylene with H-BEA
Chun Chih Chang (2014)
10.1016/J.RSER.2013.07.013
Hydrothermal conversion of lignin: A review
Shimin Kang (2013)
10.1007/s12155-015-9694-y
Sources of Biomass Feedstock Variability and the Potential Impact on Biofuels Production
C. L. Williams (2015)
10.1002/BBB.132
Protein feeds coproduction in biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals
B. Dale (2009)
10.1016/S0146-6380(99)00120-5
An overview of fast pyrolysis of biomass
A. V. Bridgwater (1999)
10.1016/J.RSER.2010.11.054
A review on process conditions for optimum bio-oil yield in hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass
J. Akhtar (2011)
10.2172/1013269
Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol: Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover
D. Humbird (2011)
The effect of corn stover composition on ethanol process econom
MF Ruth (2003)
10.1016/S0378-3820(97)00069-6
Effect of co-combustion of biomass on emissions in pulverized fuel furnaces
H. Spliethoff (1998)
10.1007/S10570-009-9325-X
Assessing corn stover composition and sources of variability via NIRS
D. W. Templeton (2009)
10.4337/9781849805834.00023
Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry
I. Noble (2000)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2011.01.048
Review of fast pyrolysis of biomass and product upgrading
A. Bridgwater (2012)
10.1007/S10570-009-9320-2
Improved multivariate calibration models for corn stover feedstock and dilute-acid pretreated corn stover
E. Wolfrum (2009)
10.1016/J.JAAP.2004.07.003
Effects of temperature and particle size on bio-char yield from pyrolysis of agricultural residues
A. Demirbas (2004)
10.1007/978-1-4612-0223-3_14
Conversion of Lignocellulosics Pretreated with Liquid Hot Water to Ethanol
G. P. Walsum (1996)
10.1002/BIT.260280604
Steam‐explosion pretreatment of wood: Effect of chip size, acid, moisture content and pressure drop
H. Brownell (1986)
10.1007/s12155-014-9527-4
Impact of process conditions on the density and durability of wheat, oat, canola, and barley straw briquettes
J. Tumuluru (2014)
10.1089/IND.2012.0004
Formulation, Pretreatment, and Densification Options to Improve Biomass Specifications for Co-Firing High Percentages with Coal
J. Tumuluru (2012)
10.2172/926125
Top Value Added Chemicals From Biomass. Volume 1 - Results of Screening for Potential Candidates From Sugars and Synthesis Gas
T. Werpy (2004)
10.1890/07-2094.1
Plant species composition and biofuel yields of conservation grasslands.
P. R. Adler (2009)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2007.03.002
Screening for sugar and ethanol processing characteristics from anatomical fractions of wheat stover
K. Duguid (2007)
10.2172/1023318
U.S. Billion-ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry
M. Downing (2011)
10.7551/mitpress/3286.003.0003
Biomass Burning: Its History, Use, and Distribution and Its Impact on Environmental Quality and Global Climate
J. Levine (1991)
10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00118-3
Energy production from biomass (Part 1): Overview of biomass.
P. McKendry (2002)
10.1002/bit.24417
Two‐temperature stage biphasic CO2–H2O pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass at high solid loadings
Jeremy S. Luterbacher (2012)
10.1016/j.biortech.2009.08.082
Impact of corn stover composition on hemicellulose conversion during dilute acid pretreatment and enzymatic cellulose digestibility of the pretreated solids.
Noah D Weiss (2010)
Biomass co - firing – an efficient way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
K Veijonen (2003)
10.1016/0961-9534(95)00058-5
On the properties of washed straw
B. M. Jenkins (1996)
10.1016/J.FUEL.2007.07.026
The effect of lignin and inorganic species in biomass on pyrolysis oil yields, quality and stability
R. Fahmi (2008)
10.1080/17597269.2014.913904
Drought effects on composition and yield for corn stover, mixed grasses, and Miscanthus as bioenergy feedstocks
R. Emerson (2014)
10.3389/fenrg.2015.00046
Comparison of Chemical Composition and Energy Property of Torrefied Switchgrass and Corn Stover
J. Tumuluru (2015)
10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2003.09.007
Effect of stover fraction and storage method on glucose production during enzymatic hydrolysis.
M. Montross (2004)
10.1007/BF02918976
Biotechnology for production of fuels, chemicals, and materials from biomass
C. Wyman (1993)
10.1089/IND.2011.7.384
REVIEW: A review on biomass torrefaction process and product properties for energy applications
Shankar TumuluruJaya (2011)
10.1016/J.PECS.2003.10.004
Combustion characteristics of different biomass fuels
A. Demirbas (2004)
10.1007/s00253-005-0229-x
Ethanol fermentation from biomass resources: current state and prospects
Y. Lin (2006)
10.1039/B810100K
Thermochemical biofuel production in hydrothermal media: A review of sub- and supercritical water technologies
A. A. Peterson (2008)
10.1016/S1364-0321(99)00007-6
Fast pyrolysis processes for biomass
A. V. Bridgwater (2000)
10.1016/J.PECS.2005.02.002
Potential applications of renewable energy sources, biomass combustion problems in boiler power systems and combustion related environmental issues
A. Demirbas (2005)
10.1039/C2EE21593D
Production of levulinic acid from cellulose by hydrothermal decomposition combined with aqueous phase dehydration with a solid acid catalyst
R. Weingarten (2012)
10.1016/J.BIOMBIOE.2012.12.004
Hydrothermal carbonization: Fate of inorganics
M. T. Reza (2013)
10.1016/S0378-3820(97)00059-3
Combustion properties of biomass
B. Jenkins (1998)
Biomass co-firing–an efficient way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A report from European Bioenergy Networks (EUBIONET),VTT Processes
K Veijonen (2003)
10.1080/07373937.2015.1112809
Impact of ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX) pretreatment on energy consumption during drying, grinding, and pelletization of corn stover
Ian J. Bonner (2016)
10.1002/CHIN.199124298
Fuel Ethanol from Cellulosic Biomass
L. Lynd (1991)
The effect of corn stover composition on ethanol process economics
MF Ruth (2003)
10.1016/J.FUEL.2015.07.100
Removal of introduced inorganic content from chipped forest residues via air classification
J. Lacey (2015)
10.1016/J.RSER.2011.02.015
A review on biomass as a fuel for boilers
R. Saidur (2011)
Determination of Structural Carbohydrates and Lignin in Biomass
Amie D. Sluiter (2004)
10.4155/bfs.12.83
Understanding biomass feedstock variability
Kevin L. Kenney (2013)



This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar