European Surgery Referencing Guide
(updated Feb 2023)


Last updated:
How to do citations in European Surgery style?

This is the Citationsy guide to European Surgery citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in European Surgery.

Automate citations and referencing with our tool, Citationsy. It’s free to try and over 400 000 students and researchers already use it.
Click here to give it a try.
cite European Surgery  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the European Surgery referencing style? (2023 Guide)

There are two places to get the information you need for a book citation: the title page, and the reverse side of the title page. Here’s how to cite it in European Surgery.

Here’s an example book citation in European Surgery using placeholders:
1. Last Name FN. Title. Edition. Editor Last Name EFN, editor. City: Publisher; 2000.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
European Surgery citation:
1. Angelou M. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. 1st ed. New York: Random House; 1969.
And an in-text citation book citation in European Surgery looks like this: [1]


Automate citations and referencing in European Surgery with our tool, Citationsy.
It’s free to try and over 400 000 students and researchers already use it.
Click here sign up

How to reference a journal article in the European Surgery citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in European Surgery format?

Citing a research paper or journal article in European Surgery is pretty straightforward. Here’s how

Here’s a European Surgery journal citation example using placeholders:
1. Author1 LastnameAF, Author3 LastnameAF. Title. Container [Internet]. Journal Name; 2000 [cited 2023Feb.2];Volume:pages Used. URL
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in European Surgery:
1. Petit C, Sieffermann J. Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?. [Internet]. Food Quality and Preference; 2007 [cited 2023Feb.2];18:161-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]


Automate citations and referencing in European Surgery with Citationsy. Get started for free

How to cite a website in a paper in European Surgery style?

Citing your sources is a necessary part of any research paper. To cite a website in European Surgery this is what you need

Here’s an European Surgery example website reference:
1. Author1 LastnameAF, Author2 LastnameAF. Title [Internet]. Publisher; 2000 [cited 2023Feb.2]. https://www.example.com
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
1. Tran M. Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President [Internet]. The Guardian; 2008 [cited 2023Feb.2]. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

Citing websites and links in European Surgery is much easier with the Citationsy Chrome Extension →
Cite European Surgery with Citationsy. Get started for free

How to cite a YouTube video European Surgery in 2023

While you might first think of books, journal articles, and news websites as go-to sources for academic work, YouTube also provides a wealth of quality information. Here’s how to cite it in European Surgery

Here’s a European Surgery citation YouTube video example:
1. ChannelName. Title [Internet]. YouTube. 2000 [cited 2023Feb.2]. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX
So how to cite a video European Surgery?
1. Pixar. Pizza Clip — Inside Out [Internet]. YouTube. 2015 [cited 2023Feb.2]. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ
And an in-text video citation would look like this: [1]

How to cite a podcast using European Surgery referencing style

To cite a podcast episode in European Surgery, all you need to do is the following

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in European Surgery.
1. Lastname F. Title [Internet]. Publisher; 2000 [cited 2023Feb.2]. http://www.example.com
Podcast referencing example in European Surgery using “This American Life” episode 640:
1. This American Life. 640: Five Women [Internet]. WBEZ Radio; 2018 [cited 2023Feb.2]. https://thisamericanlife.org/640/five-women
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

Cite podcasts in European Surgery with Citationsy, a referencing app used by over 400 000 students.
Get started for free

How to cite a piece of music or a song using European Surgery referencing style?

Would you like to cite more songs in your essays and have no idea how to do it? No matter if you want to cite a record, lyrics to a song, or a whole song, here’s how to easily do it in European Surgery

An example song citation in European Surgery.
1. Lastname F. Song Title [Internet]. Album. 2000 [cited 2023Feb.2]. http://www.example.com
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in European Surgery:
1. The Beatles. Here Comes the Sun [Internet]. Abbey Road. 1969 [cited 2023Feb.2]. https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/here-comes-the-sun/401186200?i=401187150
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]


You can automate citing and referencing any source in European Surgery using Citationsy.

Cite sources using the European Surgery Citation Machine

Cite European Surgery with Citationsy, a referencing app used by over 400 000 students. Get started for free