Speculum Referencing Guide
(updated Feb 2023)


Last updated:
How to do citations in Speculum style?

This is the Citationsy guide to Speculum citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in Speculum.

Automate citations and referencing with our tool, Citationsy. It’s free to try and over 400 000 students and researchers already use it.
Click here to give it a try.
cite Speculum  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the Speculum referencing style? (2023 Guide)

Books are written works or compositions that have been published, many of which might be in digital version. Here’s how to cite a book in Speculum

Here’s an example book citation in Speculum using placeholders: