Spine Referencing Guide
(updated Jun 2024)


Last updated:
How to do citations in Spine style?

This is the Citationsy guide to Spine citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in Spine.

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cite Spine  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the Spine referencing style? (2024 Guide)

Books are written works or compositions that have been published, many of which might be in digital version. Here’s how to cite a book in Spine

Here’s an example book citation in Spine using placeholders:
1.
Last Name FN. Title. Edition. City: Publisher; 2000.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
Spine citation:
1.
Angelou M. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. 1st ed. New York: Random House; 1969.
And an in-text citation book citation in Spine looks like this: 1


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How to reference a journal article in the Spine citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in Spine format?

A journal is a scholarly article that presents research from experts in a certain field. Here’s how to cite a paper in Spine

Here’s a Spine journal citation example using placeholders:
1.
Author1 LastnameAF, Author3 LastnameAF. Title. Container 2000;Volume:pages Used.
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in Spine: