4OR Referencing Guide
(updated Feb 2023)


Last updated:
How to do citations in 4OR style?

This is the Citationsy guide to 4OR citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in 4OR.

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cite 4OR  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the 4OR referencing style? (2023 Guide)

Books are written works or compositions that have been published, many of which might be in digital version. Here’s how to cite a book in 4OR

Here’s an example book citation in 4OR using placeholders:
Last Name FN (2000) Title, Edition. Publisher, City
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
4OR citation:
Angelou M (1969) I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, 1st edn.. Random House, New York
And an in-text citation book citation in 4OR looks like this: (Angelou 1969)


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How to reference a journal article in the 4OR citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in 4OR format?

An 4OR citation for a journal article includes the author name(s), publication year, article title, journal name, volume and issue number, page range of the article, and a DOI (if available). Here’s how

Here’s a 4OR journal citation example using placeholders:
Author1 LastnameAF, Author3 LastnameAF (2000) Title. Container Volume:pages Used. https://doi.org/DOI
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in 4OR:
Petit C, Sieffermann J (2007) Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?. 18:161-172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Petit and Sieffermann 2007)


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How to cite a website in a paper in 4OR style?

Citing your sources is a necessary part of any research paper. To cite a website in 4OR this is what you need

Here’s an 4OR example website reference:
Author1 LastnameAF, Author2 LastnameAF (2000) Title. https://www.example.com. Accessed 5 Feb. 2023
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
Tran M (2008) Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083. Accessed 5 Feb. 2023
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Tran 2008)

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How to cite a YouTube video 4OR in 2023

Are you watching a YouTube video and you don’t know how to cite it? Here’s a simple way to do it in 4OR

Here’s a 4OR citation YouTube video example:
ChannelName (2000) Title. In: YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX. Accessed 5 Feb. 2023
So how to cite a video 4OR?
Pixar (2015) Pizza Clip — Inside Out. In: YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ. Accessed 5 Feb. 2023
And an in-text video citation would look like this: (Pixar 2015)

How to cite a podcast using 4OR referencing style

A more entertaining way to learn is to simply listen to a podcast. This is something relatively new that many people still don’t know how to cite and reference. Here’s how to do it in 4OR

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in 4OR.
Lastname F (2000) Title
Podcast referencing example in 4OR using “This American Life” episode 640:
This American Life (2018) 640: Five Women
And an in-text citation would look like this: (This American Life 2018)

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How to cite a piece of music or a song using 4OR referencing style?

Would you like to cite more songs in your essays and have no idea how to do it? No matter if you want to cite a record, lyrics to a song, or a whole song, here’s how to easily do it in 4OR

An example song citation in 4OR.
Lastname F (2000) Song Title
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in 4OR:
The Beatles (1969) Here Comes the Sun
And an in-text citation would look like this: (The Beatles 1969)


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