Carbon Referencing Guide
(updated Jan 2023)


Last updated:
How to do citations in Carbon style?

This is the Citationsy guide to Carbon citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in Carbon.

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cite Carbon  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the Carbon referencing style? (2023 Guide)

A book citation in Carbon always includes the author name(s), the publication year, the book title, and the publisher. Here’s an example

Here’s an example book citation in Carbon using placeholders:
[1]
F.N. Last Name, Title, Edition, Publisher, City, 2000.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
Carbon citation:
[1]
M. Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, 1st ed., Random House, New York, 1969.
And an in-text citation book citation in Carbon looks like this: [1]


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How to reference a journal article in the Carbon citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in Carbon format?

An Carbon citation for a journal article includes the author name(s), publication year, article title, journal name, volume and issue number, page range of the article, and a DOI (if available). Here’s how

Here’s a Carbon journal citation example using placeholders:
[1]
Author1 LastnameA.F., Author3 LastnameA.F., Title, Container. Volume (2000) pages Used. https://doi.org/DOI.
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in Carbon:
[1]
C. Petit, J. Sieffermann, Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?, 18 (2007) 161-172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008.
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]


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How to cite a website in a paper in Carbon style?

Citing your sources is a necessary part of any research paper. To cite a website in Carbon this is what you need

Here’s an Carbon example website reference:
[1]
Author1 LastnameA.F., Author2 LastnameA.F., Title, (2000). https://www.example.com (accessed January 30, 2023).
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
[1]
M. Tran, Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President, (2008). https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083 (accessed January 30, 2023).
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

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How to cite a YouTube video Carbon in 2023

To cite a YouTube video, channel, or comment according to Carbon, all you need it the following

Here’s a Carbon citation YouTube video example:
[1]
ChannelName, Title, YouTube. (2000). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX (accessed January 30, 2023).
So how to cite a video Carbon?
[1]
Pixar, Pizza Clip — Inside Out, YouTube. (2015). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ (accessed January 30, 2023).
And an in-text video citation would look like this: [1]

How to cite a podcast using Carbon referencing style

A more entertaining way to learn is to simply listen to a podcast. This is something relatively new that many people still don’t know how to cite and reference. Here’s how to do it in Carbon

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in Carbon.
[1]
F. Lastname, Title, (2000). http://www.example.com (accessed January 30, 2023).
Podcast referencing example in Carbon using “This American Life” episode 640:
[1]
This American Life, 640: Five Women, (2018). https://thisamericanlife.org/640/five-women (accessed January 30, 2023).
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

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How to cite a piece of music or a song using Carbon referencing style?

Although citing a song might seem uncommon, there’s no need to worry. We’ve got you covered for both audio recordings and written song lyrics, here’s how to cite in Carbon

An example song citation in Carbon.
[1]
F. Lastname, Song Title, 2000. http://www.example.com (accessed January 30, 2023).
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in Carbon:
[1]
The Beatles, Here Comes the Sun, 1969. https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/here-comes-the-sun/401186200?i=401187150 (accessed January 30, 2023).
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]


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Cite sources using the Carbon Citation Machine

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