Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard Referencing Guide
(updated Jan 2023)


Last updated:
How to do citations in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard style?

This is the Citationsy guide to Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard.

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cite Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard referencing style? (2023 Guide)

Are you writing a research paper and want to include the works you found in a book? Here’s a simple guide to do it in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard:

Here’s an example book citation in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard using placeholders:
Last Name, F.N. (2000) Title. Edition. E. F. N. Editor Last Name ed. City, Publisher.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard citation:
Angelou, M. (1969) I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. 1st ed. New York, Random House.
And an in-text citation book citation in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard looks like this: (Angelou, 1969)


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How to reference a journal article in the Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard format?

A journal is a scholarly article that presents research from experts in a certain field. Here’s how to cite a paper in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard

Here’s a Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard journal citation example using placeholders:
Author1 LastnameA.F. & Author3 LastnameA.F. (2000) Title. Container, Volume (Issue), p.pages Used. Available from: [Accessed 26 January 2023].
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard:
Petit, C. & Sieffermann, J. (2007) Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?. , 18 (1), pp.161-172. Available from: [Accessed 26 January 2023].
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Petit & Sieffermann, 2007)


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How to cite a website in a paper in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard style?

You probably find a lot of useful information on websites while browsing the web. Here’s a simple guide on how to cite any website in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard

Here’s an Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard example website reference:
Author1 LastnameA.F. & Author2 LastnameA.F. (2000) Title [Internet]. Available from: [Accessed 26 January 2023].
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
Tran, M. (2008) Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President [Internet]. Available from: [Accessed 26 January 2023].
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Tran, 2008)

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How to cite a YouTube video Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard in 2023

Did you know almost 5 billion videos are watched on Youtube every single day. Here’s how to cite one in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard

Here’s a Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard citation YouTube video example:
ChannelName (2000) Title [Internet]. Available from: [Accessed 26 January 2023].
So how to cite a video Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard?
Pixar (2015) Pizza Clip — Inside Out [Internet]. Available from: [Accessed 26 January 2023].
And an in-text video citation would look like this: (Pixar, 2015)

How to cite a podcast using Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard referencing style

To cite a podcast episode in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard, all you need to do is the following

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard.
Lastname, F. (2000) Title. Available from: [Accessed 26 January 2023].
Podcast referencing example in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard using “This American Life” episode 640:
This American Life (2018) 640: Five Women. Available from: [Accessed 26 January 2023].
And an in-text citation would look like this: (This American Life, 2018)

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How to cite a piece of music or a song using Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard referencing style?

Citing a song or album accessed through an online streaming service in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard is pretty straight forward, this is all you need:

An example song citation in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard.
Lastname, F. (2000) Song Title. Available from: [Accessed 26 January 2023].
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in Leeds Metropolitan University - Harvard:
The Beatles (1969) Here Comes the Sun. Available from: [Accessed 26 January 2023].
And an in-text citation would look like this: (The Beatles, 1969)


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