OR Spectrum Referencing Guide

This is the Citationsy guide to OR Spectrum citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in OR Spectrum.

How do you cite a book in the OR Spectrum referencing style?

Here’s an example book citation in OR Spectrum using placeholders:
Last Name FN (2000) Title, Edition. Publisher, City
So if we want to cite, for example, “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” by Joanne K. Rowling we’d do so like this:
Rowling JK (1997) Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, 1st edn.. Bloomsbury Publishing Inc, London
And an in-text citation book citation in OR Spectrum looks like this: (Rowling 1997)

How to reference a journal article in the OR Spectrum citation style?

Here’s a OR Spectrum journal citation example using placeholders:
Author1 LastnameAF, Author3 LastnameAF (2000) Title. Container. doi: DOI
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in OR Spectrum:
Petit C, Sieffermann J (2007) Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?. doi: 10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Petit and Sieffermann 2007)

Citing a website in OR Spectrum reference style

Here’s an OR Spectrum example website reference:
Author1 LastnameAF, Author2 LastnameAF (2000) Title. https://www.example.com. Accessed 18 Sep. 2019
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
Tran M (2008) Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083. Accessed 18 Sep. 2019
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Tran 2008)

Citing websites and links in OR Spectrum is much easier with the Citationsy Chrome Extension →

How to cite a YouTube video OR Spectrum

Here’s a OR Spectrum citation YouTube video example:
ChannelName (2000) Title. In: YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX. Accessed 18 Sep. 2019
So how to cite a video OR Spectrum?
Pixar (2015) Pizza Clip — Inside Out. In: YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ. Accessed 18 Sep. 2019
And an in-text video citation would look like this: (Pixar 2015)

How to cite a podcast using OR Spectrum referencing style

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in OR Spectrum.
Lastname F (2000) Title
Podcast referencing example in OR Spectrum using “This American Life” episode 640:
This American Life (2018) 640: Five Women
And an in-text citation would look like this: (This American Life 2018)

How to cite a piece of music or a song using OR Spectrum referencing style?

An example song citation in OR Spectrum.
Lastname F (2000) Song Title
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in OR Spectrum:
The Beatles (1969) Here Comes the Sun
And an in-text citation would look like this: (The Beatles 1969)


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Cite sources using the OR Spectrum Citation Machine
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