PAIN Referencing Guide

This is the Citationsy guide to PAIN citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in PAIN.

How do you cite a book in the PAIN referencing style?

Here’s an example book citation in PAIN using placeholders:
[1]
Last Name FN. Title. Edition. Editor Last Name EFN, editor City: Publisher, 2000.
So if we want to cite, for example, “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” by Joanne K. Rowling we’d do so like this:
[1]
Rowling JK. Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone. 1st ed. London: Bloomsbury Publishing Inc, 1997.
And an in-text citation book citation in PAIN looks like this: [1]

How to reference a journal article in the PAIN citation style?

Here’s a PAIN journal citation example using placeholders:
[1]
Author1 LastnameAF, Author3 LastnameAF. Title. Container 2000;Volume:pages Used. doi:DOI.
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in PAIN:
[1]
Petit C, Sieffermann J. Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?. 2007;18:161-172. doi:10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008.
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

Citing a website in PAIN reference style

Here’s an PAIN example website reference:
[1]
Author1 LastnameAF, Author2 LastnameAF. Title. 2000. Available: https://www.example.com. Accessed 17 Sep. 2019.
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
[1]
Tran M. Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President. 2008. Available: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083. Accessed 17 Sep. 2019.
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

Citing websites and links in PAIN is much easier with the Citationsy Chrome Extension →

How to cite a YouTube video PAIN

Here’s a PAIN citation YouTube video example:
[1]
ChannelName. Title. YouTube 2000. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX. Accessed 17 Sep. 2019.
So how to cite a video PAIN?
[1]
Pixar. Pizza Clip — Inside Out. YouTube 2015. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ. Accessed 17 Sep. 2019.
And an in-text video citation would look like this: [1]

How to cite a podcast using PAIN referencing style

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in PAIN.
[1]
Lastname F. Title. 2000. Available: http://www.example.com. Accessed 17 Sep. 2019.
Podcast referencing example in PAIN using “This American Life” episode 640:
[1]
This American Life. 640: Five Women. 2018. Available: https://thisamericanlife.org/640/five-women. Accessed 17 Sep. 2019.
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

How to cite a piece of music or a song using PAIN referencing style?

An example song citation in PAIN.
[1]
Lastname F. Song Title. 2000 Available: http://www.example.com. Accessed 17 Sep. 2019.
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in PAIN:
[1]
The Beatles. Here Comes the Sun. 1969 Available: https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/here-comes-the-sun/401186200?i=401187150. Accessed 17 Sep. 2019.
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]


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