🙌 New: Upload your document to have your APA citations automatically checked

SOIL Referencing Guide

How to do citations in SOIL style?

This is the Citationsy guide to SOIL citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in SOIL.

cite SOIL  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the SOIL referencing style?

Books are written works or compositions that have been published, many of which might be in digital version. Here’s how to cite a book in SOIL

Here’s an example book citation in SOIL using placeholders:
Last Name, F. N.: Title, Edition., edited by E. F. N. Editor Last Name, Publisher, City., 2000.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
SOIL citation:
Angelou, M.: I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, 1st ed., Random House, New York., 1969.
And an in-text citation book citation in SOIL looks like this: (Angelou, 1969)

How to reference a journal article in the SOIL citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in SOIL format?

Do you need help referencing or citing a research paper in SOIL? Here’s how

Here’s a SOIL journal citation example using placeholders:
Author1 LastnameA. F. and Author3 LastnameA. F.: Title, Container, Volume(Issue), pages Used, doi:DOI, 2000.
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in SOIL:
Petit, C. and Sieffermann, J.: Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?, , 18(1), 161-172, doi:10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008, 2007.
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Petit and Sieffermann, 2007)

How to cite a website in a paper in SOIL style?

You probably find a lot of useful information on websites while browsing the web. Here’s a simple guide on how to cite any website in SOIL

Here’s an SOIL example website reference:
Author1 LastnameA. F. and Author2 LastnameA. F.: Title, [online] Available from: https://www.example.com (Accessed 28 January 2022), 2000.
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
Tran, M.: Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President, [online] Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083 (Accessed 28 January 2022), 2008.
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Tran, 2008)

Citing websites and links in SOIL is much easier with the Citationsy Chrome Extension →

How to cite a YouTube video SOIL

Are you watching a YouTube video and found something worth sharing in your research paper? Here’s how to cite a YouTube video in SOIL

Here’s a SOIL citation YouTube video example:
ChannelName: Title, YouTube [online] Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX (Accessed 28 January 2022), 2000.
So how to cite a video SOIL?
Pixar: Pizza Clip — Inside Out, YouTube [online] Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ (Accessed 28 January 2022), 2015.
And an in-text video citation would look like this: (Pixar, 2015)

How to cite a podcast using SOIL referencing style

Citing a podcast in SOIL is pretty straight forward. Here’s how you can do it

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in SOIL.
Lastname, F.: Title, [online] Available from: http://www.example.com (Accessed 28 January 2022), 2000.
Podcast referencing example in SOIL using “This American Life” episode 640:
This American Life: 640: Five Women, [online] Available from: https://thisamericanlife.org/640/five-women (Accessed 28 January 2022), 2018.
And an in-text citation would look like this: (This American Life, 2018)

How to cite a piece of music or a song using SOIL referencing style?

Would you like to cite more songs in your essays and have no idea how to do it? No matter if you want to cite a record, lyrics to a song, or a whole song, here’s how to easily do it in SOIL

An example song citation in SOIL.
Lastname, F.: Song Title. [online] Available from: http://www.example.com (Accessed 28 January 2022), 2000.
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in SOIL:
The Beatles: Here Comes the Sun. [online] Available from: https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/here-comes-the-sun/401186200?i=401187150 (Accessed 28 January 2022), 1969.
And an in-text citation would look like this: (The Beatles, 1969)


You can automate citing and referencing any source in SOIL using Citationsy.

Cite sources using the SOIL Citation Machine

Citationsy is a reference management used by more than 200 000 students, academics, and researchers around the world.
It has a free trial and has iPhone and Android apps available. Sign up now →