The Open University - Harvard Referencing Guide

This is the Citationsy guide to The Open University - Harvard citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in The Open University - Harvard.

How to do citations in The Open University - Harvard style?
cite The Open University - Harvard  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the The Open University - Harvard referencing style?

Here’s an example book citation in The Open University - Harvard using placeholders:
Last Name, F. N. (2000) Title, Editor Last Name, E. F. N. (ed.), Edition., City, Publisher.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
The Open University - Harvard citation:
Angelou, M. (1969) I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, 1st edn, New York, Random House.
And an in-text citation book citation in The Open University - Harvard looks like this: (Angelou, 1969)

How to reference a journal article in the The Open University - Harvard citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in The Open University - Harvard format?

Here’s a The Open University - Harvard journal citation example using placeholders:
Author1 LastnameA. F. and Author3 LastnameA. F. (2000) “Title,” Container, Journal Name, vol. Volume, no. Issue, p. pages Used [Online]. DOI: DOI (Accessed 2 December 2021).
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in The Open University - Harvard:
Petit, C. and Sieffermann, J. (2007) “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?,” Food Quality and Preference, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 161-172 [Online]. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008 (Accessed 2 December 2021).
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Petit and Sieffermann, 2007)

How to cite a website in a paper in The Open University - Harvard style?

Here’s an The Open University - Harvard example website reference:
Author1 LastnameA. F. and Author2 LastnameA. F. (2000) Title [Online]. Available at https://www.example.com (Accessed 2 December 2021).
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
Tran, M. (2008) Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President [Online]. Available at https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083 (Accessed 2 December 2021).
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Tran, 2008)

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How to cite a YouTube video The Open University - Harvard

Here’s a The Open University - Harvard citation YouTube video example:
ChannelName (2000) Title [Online]. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX (Accessed 2 December 2021).
So how to cite a video The Open University - Harvard?
Pixar (2015) Pizza Clip — Inside Out [Online]. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ (Accessed 2 December 2021).
And an in-text video citation would look like this: (Pixar, 2015)

How to cite a podcast using The Open University - Harvard referencing style

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in The Open University - Harvard.
Lastname, F. (2000) “Title,” Publisher [Online]. Available at http://www.example.com (Accessed 2 December 2021).
Podcast referencing example in The Open University - Harvard using “This American Life” episode 640:
This American Life (2018) “640: Five Women,” WBEZ Radio [Online]. Available at https://thisamericanlife.org/640/five-women (Accessed 2 December 2021).
And an in-text citation would look like this: (This American Life, 2018)

How to cite a piece of music or a song using The Open University - Harvard referencing style?

An example song citation in The Open University - Harvard.
Lastname, F. (2000) Song Title, Album [Online]. Available at http://www.example.com (Accessed 2 December 2021).
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in The Open University - Harvard:
The Beatles (1969) Here Comes the Sun, Abbey Road [Online]. Available at https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/here-comes-the-sun/401186200?i=401187150 (Accessed 2 December 2021).
And an in-text citation would look like this: (The Beatles, 1969)


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