The Open University - Harvard Referencing Guide
(updated May 2022)


Last updated:
How to do citations in The Open University - Harvard style?

This is the Citationsy guide to The Open University - Harvard citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in The Open University - Harvard.

cite The Open University - Harvard  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the The Open University - Harvard referencing style? (2022 Guide)

To create a basic works-cited-list entry for a book in The Open University - Harvard follow these simple steps

Here’s an example book citation in The Open University - Harvard using placeholders:
Last Name, F. N. (2000) Title, Editor Last Name, E. F. N. (ed.), Edition., City, Publisher.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
The Open University - Harvard citation:
Angelou, M. (1969) I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, 1st edn, New York, Random House.
And an in-text citation book citation in The Open University - Harvard looks like this: (Angelou, 1969)

How to reference a journal article in the The Open University - Harvard citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in The Open University - Harvard format?

The basic information included in your citation will be the same across all styles. However, the format in which that information is presented is somewhat different depending on style you need. To cite a paper in The Open University - Harvard, follow this example

Here’s a The Open University - Harvard journal citation example using placeholders:
Author1 LastnameA. F. and Author3 LastnameA. F. (2000) “Title,” Container, Journal Name, vol. Volume, no. Issue, p. pages Used [Online]. DOI: DOI (Accessed 28 May 2022).
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in The Open University - Harvard:
Petit, C. and Sieffermann, J. (2007) “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?,” Food Quality and Preference, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 161-172 [Online]. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008 (Accessed 28 May 2022).
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Petit and Sieffermann, 2007)

How to cite a website in a paper in The Open University - Harvard style?

Have you found a credible website you want to cite in The Open University - Harvard to include in your research paper or presentation? Here’s how

Here’s an The Open University - Harvard example website reference:
Author1 LastnameA. F. and Author2 LastnameA. F. (2000) Title [Online]. Available at https://www.example.com (Accessed 28 May 2022).
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
Tran, M. (2008) Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President [Online]. Available at https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083 (Accessed 28 May 2022).
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Tran, 2008)

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How to cite a YouTube video The Open University - Harvard in 2022

Are you watching a YouTube video and found something worth sharing in your research paper? Here’s how to cite a YouTube video in The Open University - Harvard

Here’s a The Open University - Harvard citation YouTube video example:
ChannelName (2000) Title [Online]. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX (Accessed 28 May 2022).
So how to cite a video The Open University - Harvard?
Pixar (2015) Pizza Clip — Inside Out [Online]. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ (Accessed 28 May 2022).
And an in-text video citation would look like this: (Pixar, 2015)

How to cite a podcast using The Open University - Harvard referencing style

Are you listening to a podcast and you want to use it in your essay or presentation? Here’s how to cite it in The Open University - Harvard

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in The Open University - Harvard.
Lastname, F. (2000) “Title,” Publisher [Online]. Available at http://www.example.com (Accessed 28 May 2022).
Podcast referencing example in The Open University - Harvard using “This American Life” episode 640:
This American Life (2018) “640: Five Women,” WBEZ Radio [Online]. Available at https://thisamericanlife.org/640/five-women (Accessed 28 May 2022).
And an in-text citation would look like this: (This American Life, 2018)

How to cite a piece of music or a song using The Open University - Harvard referencing style?

Have you found a song you would like to cite and include in your essay? Here’s how to cite a song in The Open University - Harvard

An example song citation in The Open University - Harvard.
Lastname, F. (2000) Song Title, Album [Online]. Available at http://www.example.com (Accessed 28 May 2022).
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in The Open University - Harvard:
The Beatles (1969) Here Comes the Sun, Abbey Road [Online]. Available at https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/here-comes-the-sun/401186200?i=401187150 (Accessed 28 May 2022).
And an in-text citation would look like this: (The Beatles, 1969)


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