The Open University (numeric) Referencing Guide
(updated May 2022)


Last updated:
How to do citations in The Open University (numeric) style?

This is the Citationsy guide to The Open University (numeric) citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in The Open University (numeric).

cite The Open University (numeric)  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the The Open University (numeric) referencing style? (2022 Guide)

Books are written works or compositions that have been published, many of which might be in digital version. Here’s how to cite a book in The Open University (numeric)

Here’s an example book citation in The Open University (numeric) using placeholders:
1
Last Name, First Name (2000) Title Edition. Editor Last Name, E. F. N. (ed.), City, Publisher.
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
The Open University (numeric) citation:
1
Angelou, Maya (1969) I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 1st ed., New York, Random House.
And an in-text citation book citation in The Open University (numeric) looks like this: [1]

How to reference a journal article in the The Open University (numeric) citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in The Open University (numeric) format?

Do you need help referencing or citing a research paper in The Open University (numeric)? Here’s how

Here’s a The Open University (numeric) journal citation example using placeholders:
1
Author1 LastnameAuthor1 Firstname and Author3 LastnameAuthor2 Firstname (2000) “Title.” Container, Volume(Issue), p. pages Used. [online] Available from: URL (Accessed 29 May 2022)
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in The Open University (numeric):
1
Petit, C. and Sieffermann, J.M. (2007) “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?.” , 18(1), pp. 161-172. [online] Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008 (Accessed 29 May 2022)
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

How to cite a website in a paper in The Open University (numeric) style?

The basics of a reference list entry for a web page or web document in The Open University (numeric) is straight forward. Here’s how

Here’s an The Open University (numeric) example website reference:
1
Author1 LastnameAuthor1 Firstname and Author2 LastnameAuthor2 Firstname (2000) “Title.” [online] Available from: https://www.example.com (Accessed 29 May 2022)
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
1
Tran, Mark (2008) “Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President.” [online] Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083 (Accessed 29 May 2022)
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

Citing websites and links in The Open University (numeric) is much easier with the Citationsy Chrome Extension →

How to cite a YouTube video The Open University (numeric) in 2022

Are you wondering if it’s ok to reference a YouTube video in a research paper? Here’s how to cite it in The Open University (numeric)

Here’s a The Open University (numeric) citation YouTube video example:
1
ChannelName (2000) “Title.” YouTube. [online] Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX (Accessed 29 May 2022)
So how to cite a video The Open University (numeric)?
1
Pixar (2015) “Pizza Clip — Inside Out.” YouTube. [online] Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ (Accessed 29 May 2022)
And an in-text video citation would look like this: [1]

How to cite a podcast using The Open University (numeric) referencing style

Are you listening to a podcast and you want to use it in your essay or presentation? Here’s how to cite it in The Open University (numeric)

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in The Open University (numeric).
1
Lastname, Firstname (2000) “Title.” [online] Available from: http://www.example.com (Accessed 29 May 2022)
Podcast referencing example in The Open University (numeric) using “This American Life” episode 640:
1
This American Life (2018) “640: Five Women.” [online] Available from: https://thisamericanlife.org/640/five-women (Accessed 29 May 2022)
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]

How to cite a piece of music or a song using The Open University (numeric) referencing style?

Did you know that Bob Dylan has written well over 500 different songs? Here’s how to cite any song in The Open University (numeric)

An example song citation in The Open University (numeric).
1
Lastname, Firstname (2000) Song Title, [online] Available from: http://www.example.com (Accessed 29 May 2022)
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in The Open University (numeric):
1
The Beatles (1969) Here Comes the Sun, [online] Available from: https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/here-comes-the-sun/401186200?i=401187150 (Accessed 29 May 2022)
And an in-text citation would look like this: [1]


You can automate citing and referencing any source in The Open University (numeric) using Citationsy.

Cite sources using the The Open University (numeric) Citation Machine

Citationsy is a reference management used by more than 200 000 students, academics, and researchers around the world.
It has a free trial and has iPhone and Android apps available. Sign up now →