The Optical Society Referencing Guide
(updated Oct 2022)


Last updated:
How to do citations in The Optical Society style?

This is the Citationsy guide to The Optical Society citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in The Optical Society.

cite The Optical Society  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the The Optical Society referencing style? (2022 Guide)

A book citation in The Optical Society always includes the author name(s), the publication year, the book title, and the publisher. Here’s an example

Here’s an example book citation in The Optical Society using placeholders:
1.
F. N. Last Name, Title, Edition (Publisher, 2000).
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
The Optical Society citation:
1.
M. Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, 1st ed. (Random House, 1969).
And an in-text citation book citation in The Optical Society looks like this:  [1]

How to reference a journal article in the The Optical Society citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in The Optical Society format?

To cite a research paper or journal article following the The Optical Society formatting guide, follow these easy steps

Here’s a The Optical Society journal citation example using placeholders:
1.
Author1 LastnameA. F. and Author3 LastnameA. F., "Title," Container Volume, pages Used (2000).
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in The Optical Society:
1.
C. Petit and J. Sieffermann, "Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?," 18, 161-172 (2007).
And an in-text citation would look like this:  [1]

How to cite a website in a paper in The Optical Society style?

The most basic entry for a website consists of the author name(s), webpage title, website title, institution/publisher, publication date, and DOI or URL. Here’s how to cite it properly in The Optical Society

Here’s an The Optical Society example website reference:
1.
Author1 LastnameA. F. and Author2 LastnameA. F., "Title," https://www.example.com.
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
1.
M. Tran, "Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President," https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083.
And an in-text citation would look like this:  [1]

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How to cite a YouTube video The Optical Society in 2022

If you’ve previously cited a video from a website in The Optical Society, then the process for citing a video from YouTube is basically the same. Here’s how to do it

Here’s a The Optical Society citation YouTube video example:
1.
ChannelName, "Title," https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX.
So how to cite a video The Optical Society?
1.
Pixar, "Pizza Clip — Inside Out," https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ.
And an in-text video citation would look like this:  [1]

How to cite a podcast using The Optical Society referencing style

Are you wondering if it’s ok to reference a podcast episode in a research paper? Here’s how to cite it in The Optical Society

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in The Optical Society.
1.
F. Lastname, "Title," (2000).
Podcast referencing example in The Optical Society using “This American Life” episode 640:
1.
This American Life, "640: Five Women," (2018).
And an in-text citation would look like this:  [1]

How to cite a piece of music or a song using The Optical Society referencing style?

Although citing a song might seem uncommon, there’s no need to worry. We’ve got you covered for both audio recordings and written song lyrics, here’s how to cite in The Optical Society

An example song citation in The Optical Society.
1.
F. Lastname, Song Title (2000).
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in The Optical Society:
1.
The Beatles, Here Comes the Sun (1969).
And an in-text citation would look like this:  [1]


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