TOP Referencing Guide
(updated Jul 2022)


Last updated:
How to do citations in TOP style?

This is the Citationsy guide to TOP citations, reference lists, in-text citations, and bibliographies.
The complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be. Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in TOP.

cite TOP  — Referencing Guide



How do you cite a book in the TOP referencing style? (2022 Guide)

Books are written works or compositions that have been published, many of which might be in digital version. Here’s how to cite a book in TOP

Here’s an example book citation in TOP using placeholders:
Last Name FN (2000) Title, Edition. Publisher, City
So if we want to cite, for example, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou we’d do so like this:
TOP citation:
Angelou M (1969) I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, 1st edn.. Random House, New York
And an in-text citation book citation in TOP looks like this: (Angelou 1969)

How to reference a journal article in the TOP citation style?

How do you cite scientific papers in TOP format?

Use the following template to cite a journal article using the TOP citation format.

Here’s a TOP journal citation example using placeholders:
Author1 LastnameAF, Author3 LastnameAF (2000) Title. Container Volume:pages Used. https://doi.org/DOI
So if we want to reference this scientific article: “Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?” by C. Petit and J.M. Sieffermann in TOP:
Petit C, Sieffermann J (2007) Testing consumer preferences for iced-coffee: Does the drinking environment have any influence?. 18:161-172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2006.05.008
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Petit and Sieffermann 2007)

How to cite a website in a paper in TOP style?

When listing Internet sources in your References or Works Cited, the most important thing to remember is that your goal is to make it easy for a reader to check and consult your sources. Here’s how to cite a website in TOP

Here’s an TOP example website reference:
Author1 LastnameAF, Author2 LastnameAF (2000) Title. https://www.example.com. Accessed 7 Jul. 2022
To reference the article located at this link:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083
on The Guardian website:
Tran M (2008) Barack Obama To Be America’s First Black President. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/05/uselections20083. Accessed 7 Jul. 2022
And an in-text citation would look like this: (Tran 2008)

Citing websites and links in TOP is much easier with the Citationsy Chrome Extension →

How to cite a YouTube video TOP in 2022

While you might first think of books, journal articles, and news websites as go-to sources for academic work, YouTube also provides a wealth of quality information. Here’s how to cite it in TOP

Here’s a TOP citation YouTube video example:
ChannelName (2000) Title. In: YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXXXXX. Accessed 7 Jul. 2022
So how to cite a video TOP?
Pixar (2015) Pizza Clip — Inside Out. In: YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8W6rntBADUQ. Accessed 7 Jul. 2022
And an in-text video citation would look like this: (Pixar 2015)

How to cite a podcast using TOP referencing style

Are you listening to a history, philosophy, or literature podcast and you want to cite it in a presentation or research paper. Here’s how to do it in TOP

It is becoming more and more common to reference podcasts in essays or other school work.
Here’s how to reference a podcast it in TOP.
Lastname F (2000) Title
Podcast referencing example in TOP using “This American Life” episode 640:
This American Life (2018) 640: Five Women
And an in-text citation would look like this: (This American Life 2018)

How to cite a piece of music or a song using TOP referencing style?

Would you like to cite more songs in your essays and have no idea how to do it? No matter if you want to cite a record, lyrics to a song, or a whole song, here’s how to easily do it in TOP

An example song citation in TOP.
Lastname F (2000) Song Title
Let‘s say we want to reference “Here Comes the Sun” off The Beatles “Abbey Road” album in TOP:
The Beatles (1969) Here Comes the Sun
And an in-text citation would look like this: (The Beatles 1969)


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